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September 2017
S M T W T F S
     
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3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Syndication

2-6: 636 and 637 CE

Battle of Qadisiyyah was more devastating for the Persians than the Battle of Yarmouk was for the Romans
Their defeat at Qadisiyyah left the Persian capital exposed to Muslim forces
However, the Roman capital was hundreds of miles away in Constantinople and very safe from Muslim forces
The Romans still had the ability to wage war against the Muslims
However, the Persians were now just trying to survive
We'll look at the events in Syria after Yarmouk first, and then take a look at Persia after Qadisiyyah

Direct download: 2-6.mp3
Category:Islam History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-5: Yarmouk And Qadisiyyah

- Where we are so far
-- In 632 CE Prophet Muhammad died and Abu Bakr was chosen by the residents of Medina as the Caliph
-- Soon after, several of the Arab tribes that were allied with the Prophet rebelled against Abu Bakr
-- Abu Bakr and his general KIW led a successful campaign to bring these tribes back in line
-- These were known as the Ridda, or Apostasy Wars
-- Abu Bakr commanded KIW to begin an invasion of southern Persia.
-- KIW was successful and conquered most of the area around the Euphrates River
-- At the same time, Abu Bakr also ordered Abu Ubaidah to lead an invasion into Syria
-- Abu Ubaidah ran into strong resistance so Abu Bakr had KIW come from Persia to assist
-- KIW led the Muslims to conquer Syria all the way up to Damascus
-- Back in Medina, Abu Bakr died and Umar ibn Al-Khattab became the Caliph
-- Umar removed KIW as the leader of the Muslim armies and put Abu Ubaidah back in charge
-- The Romans and Syrians got over their initial shock of the Muslim invasion and began a strong counterattack.
- In the last episode we discussed how the Romans and Persians began to make a comeback
- Now we'll go into the details of that comeback and the result
- We will first discuss the events in Syria and then those in Persia

Direct download: 2-5.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

In many ways, it was more of an organized mob. There were no uniforms and no ranks.
- Commanders were appointed at will, generally based on accomplishment or tribal position.
- Their weapons was whatever they could find. Many of them came from defeated Persian and Roman soldiers
- Most armies have to deal with supplies and feeding thousands of people. Many of the soldiers traveled with their families
- The Arabs didn't have that problem as they carried their food with them and were used to living on very little
- They could live for days, even weeks on just dates, water, and camel milk.
- This allowed KIW and other commanders to travel long distances with no supply chain or base of operations
- The desert itself was another advantage. Most of the Roman soldiers were not used to it.
- Unless they were invading a city, the Muslims usually fought with their backs to the desert.
- If they were ambushed or fought in the open country, they could slip into the desert where their enemey couldn't follow.
- The four armies sent by Abu Bakr pushed into southern Syria (modern day Jordan) and conquered many small towns

Continue Reading

Direct download: 2-4.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-3: Khalid And Persia

Two major empires in the area at this time: Persian and Byzantine
- Persian culture and power goes far back into Biblical times, even before Cyrus the Great (islamiclearningmaterials.com/gogandmagog)
- Once conquered by Alexander the Great
- Went through several dynastic changes
- Sassanid Empire was the last non-Muslim Persian dynasty
- Came into power 400 years before Prophet's birth
- By the time Prophet was in Medina, Sassanid Empire was going through political turmoil and very weak

Continue reading...

Direct download: 2-3.mp3
Category:Islam History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-2: Apostasy And War

Reasons for rebellion
 - False prophets
 - Unwilling to pay Zakah
 - Dislike of central authority
 - Not fully invested in Islam
- Abu Bakr's five step plan
 1. Protect Medina and hold out until Usamah returns with army
 2. When Usamah returns divide the army and send them to different parts of Arabian Peninsula
 3. Retake central-western Arabia creating a safe zone around Medina
 4. Concentrate on the big players (false prophets) and then take on Musailamah
 5. When the center's pacified, focus on smaller rebels in north and south

Continue reading...

Direct download: 2-2.mp3
Category:Islam History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-1: Abu Bakr And The Caliphate

Welcome to a new season of the Islamic History Podcast. In this season, we're going to cover the first 100 years of history after Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) death.

We will discuss the last days of the Prophet's life as well as the election of Abu Bakr to be his successor. Additionally, we will also see how the Wars of Apostasy began.

Direct download: 2-1.mp3
Category:Islam History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT