Islamic History Podcast (islamic history)

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Syndication

3-1: Muawiyyah and The Khawarij

Welcome back to another season of the Islamic History Podcast!

In this season, we're going to mostly cover the Umayyad Dynasty. The first several episodes will be focused on the founder of this dynasty, Muawiyyah ibn Abi Sufyan.

Today's episode is an introduction to Syria and Kufah during this period. We'll take a look at the challenges the new Muslim Caliph had to face in the never ending Khawarij threat.

We'll discover how the early Muslim administrations were governed and some amazing details you probably never knew.

This is guaranteed to be an episode that will both educate and entertain you.

After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page.

The Show Notes are available at: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Kufah

Here's some of what you'll find:

  • The transcript for this episode
  • Links to the Muslim Podcast of the Week
  • Links to other related resources

You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following:

  1. Give a monthly pledge on Patreon
  2. Subscribe on iTunes
  3. Share with your friends and family

You can do it all and more at the Show Notes page: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Kufah

 

Direct download: 3-1.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-20: Ali And Muawiyyah

After defeating Aisha at the Battle of the Camel, Ali held most of the Islamic Empire. The only holdout, was Muawiyyah, the powerful governor of Syria.

But things soon started to unravel for Ali.

He was having trouble maintaining control of Egypt, and Muawiyyah was making some strong allies. Nonetheless, the two parties engaged in rigorous negotiations in the hopes of avoiding warfare.

Despite these attempts, fighting looked inevitable. As the year 36 AH drew to a close, Ali began moving his forces toward the Syrian border. This would lead to a showdown with Muawiyyah known as the Battle of Siffeen.

After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page.

The Show Notes are available at: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Ali3

Here's some of what you'll find:

  • The transcript for this episode
  • Links to the Muslim Podcast of the Week
  • Links to other related resources

You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following:

  1. Give a monthly pledge on Patreon
  2. Subscribe on iTunes
  3. Share with your friends and family

You can do it all and more at the Show Notes page: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Ali3

 

Direct download: 2-20.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-18: Ali And Aisha

Ali's Caliphate was already in trouble.

The Umayyah clan was suspicious of him. Muawiyyah refused to acknowledge his leadership. There were gangs of bandits were roaming through Medina. And many companions refused to support him.

And to make things worse, Aisha, the Prophet's widow, was stirring things up in Mecca.

Aisha was outraged that Uthman's killers were still on the loose in Medina. She decided to take matters into her own hands. She rallied the people of Mecca and organized a group to find those responsible for killing Uthman.

These two figures, Ali and Aisha, are the most divisive figures in Islam. Sunni and Shiite both love and respect Ali, but the Shiites hold him to a much higher degree than Sunnis.

Aisha is a different story altogether. Sunni Muslims adore Aisha, but Shiites hate her. They accuse her of rebelling against Ali and attempting to overthrow him.

After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. You'll find various links, articles, and videos related to this episode.

The Show Notes are available at: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Ali1

Here's some of what you'll find:

  • Transcript for this episode
  • This week's book recommendation
  • Nasheed of the Week video
  • My recent khutbah

You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following:

  1. Give a monthly pledge on Patreon
  2. Subscribe on iTunes
  3. Share with your friends and family

You can do it all at the Show Notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Ali1

 

Direct download: 18.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-17: Uthman and Murder

For several years, there had been a low level of discontent in the Muslim empire. While most of the inhabitants were happy, there were a significant number who were not.

Caliph Uthman had already spoken to his governors to try to get a handle on what was happening. Though they had many ideas, no one came up with a decision to fix the problem.

So Uthman decided to hold another meeting, but this everyone was invited. He hoped to speak with the malcontents directly and see what was happening.

The meeting was successful in that Uthman was managed to defend his decisions and found out why so many people were disaffected. He even agreed to several of their demands.

Unfortunately, some of them would not be satisfied until Uthman was completely out of the picture.

There's more to this show than just this single episode. Visit the show notes page for more links, articles, and videos related to this episode.

Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman5.

Here's some of what you'll find:

  • Transcript for this episode
  • Link to this week's book recommendation
  • Video to this week's favorite Nasheed

You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following:

  1. Give a monthly pledge on Patreon
  2. Subscribe on iTunes
  3. Share with your friends and family

You can do it all at the Show Notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman5.

 

Direct download: 17.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-15: Uthman and The Quran

One of the most troublesome spots in the Muslim world was the Iraqi city of Kufah. The people were fickle, restless, and never satisfied with their governor. Uthman had to change their governor no less than three times.

Uthman's popularity took another hit during the Hajj of 649. Seemingly inconsequential actions had major repercussions.

But the most important event during this period was the one that would bring the most benefit. Upon discovering the message of the Quran was in danger of being diluted and fractured, Uthman took immediate stops to reverse this trend.

What came out of this was a standard, official compilation of the Quran that remains to this day.

But even this great achievement came with its problems. Ultimately, it was just another chance for Uthman's opponents to gripe about him.

The fun doesn't end when the podcast does. Visit the Show Notes page for more links, articles, and videos related to this episode

Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman3

Here's some of the things you'll find:

  • Transcript for this episode
  • A link to the article "Do You And Your Muslim Spouse Speak the Same Language?" by Subhanah Wahhaj.
  • Video to this week's favorite Nasheed, "Jannah" by Deen Squad.

You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following:

  1. Give a monthly pledge on Patreon
  2. Subscribe on iTunes
  3. Share with your friends and family.

You can do it all at the Show Notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman3

Direct download: 2-15.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-13: Uthman And Egypt

Uthman Ibn Affan has always been compared to others. Both during his lifetime and after, he has been compared to the Caliph that came before him and the one that would come after him.

There are many factors that contributed to his popularity among a small segment of the Muslim society. Some of them were based on decisions that Uthman made.

But some things were out of his control, such as:

  • Not as many conquests as before
  • Minority Muslim Arabs ruling over a conquered, non-Muslim people.
  • Economic strain from entitlements established by Umar Ibn Al-Khattab.

Still, there were some decisions that Uthman made that make us pause.

One of his most questionable decisions was replacing a popular and successful general like Amr Ibn Al-As with Ibn Abi Sarh.

It did not help that Ibn Abi Sarh had once betrayed Prophet Muhammad. And the fact that he was Uthman's cousin just made things even worse.

Show notes for this episode are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman1

Some things you may find interesting in the show notes:

  • Transcript for this episode
  • "I Don't Need Any Reminders" by Subhanah Wahhaj (Available 9-27-2016)
  • Video for favorite Nasheed of the week, "Good Life" by Harris J.

Please support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following:

  • Give a monthly pledge on Patreon
  • Subscribe on iTunes
  • Share with your friends and family

You can do it all at the show notes page IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Uthman1

 

Direct download: 13.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 1:50am EDT

2-12: Assassination And Election

We're back!

After a long hiatus we discuss the assassination of Umar ibn Al-Khattab and the choice of Uthman as the 3rd Caliph of the Muslim world.

Show notes available at islamiclearningmaterials.com/election

Direct download: 12.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-10: Alexandria And Fustat

The Muslims arrived at Alexandria in July 641
It was perhaps the most magnificent and biggest city they've encountered so far
Alexandria was founded by the Greek general Alexander the Great and is named after him
In Arabic it is called Al-Iskandariyah
Alexander meant for it to be a great center of Hellenistic culture
However Alexander left the city under the command of one of his generals soon after founding it. Then he went back on the warpath and never came back
At one point, it was the second most important city in the world after Rome; if Rome was like NYC then Alexandria was like London
Alexandria linked the Greek and Roman parts of Europe with and Arabia and Asia

Continue Reading....

Direct download: 2-10.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-8: Copts And Egypt
  • In 451, 115 years before Prophet Muhammad, several men representing various facets of Christianity met in Chalcedon in modern Turkey.
  • They were discussing how to define the true nature of Christ. They believed he was divine, yet he lived and died like a man.
  • 3 weeks later, they decided Jesus Christ had two natures in one: he was both God and man.
  • Any Christians who deviated from this belief were declared heretics which immediately led to a schism in the Church
  • While most Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Christians accepted the Chalcedon decree, Armenian, Ethiopian, and Coptic Christians did not...Continue Reading
Direct download: 2-8.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT

2-7: Plague And Famine
  • In 639, a plague broke out, originating in Nicopolis, or Imwas, in the modern state of Israel.
  • The city no longer exists as it was destroyed by Israeli army during Six Day war.
  • It is estimated around 20000 people died from this plague. Among them were many prominent Sahabas.
  • The most well-knonw of all was Abu Ubaidah, the general that succeeded KIW in Syria
  • Another companion was Muadh ibn Jabal - most famous for these instructions he received from Prophet Muhammad before embarking to Syria

Continue reading...

Direct download: 2-7.mp3
Category:Islamic History -- posted at: 12:00am EDT